Minimising GHG emissions according to the climate programme
In the climate programme drawn up in 2009, the goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30% from the 1990 level, by 2020.
The actions proposed in the programme include a transition to using renewable energy sources in energy generation, the reduction of emissions arising from traffic, and the intensification of land use for the purpose of reducing energy use and making it easier to move around. Furthermore, the programme aims to lower the energy consumption of city-owned buildings.
The emission reduction targets set in the Kyoto Protocol have already been achieved in Lappeenranta.
Based on the GHG balance for 2010, Lappeenranta has already exceeded the Kyoto Protocol’s 20% minimum target for emission reduction. The biopower plant of Kaukaan Voima alone was able to reduce its emissions from district heating and electricity generation by 65,000 tonnes of CO2e compared to the previous GHG balance. The taken actions meant that the emission reduction target was already achieved in 2014, with a reduction of 38%. Lappeenranta’s new emission reduction target is 80% from the 2007 level, by 2030, as set in connection with joining the HINKU network of carbon neutral municipalities, in 2015. The emission reduction targets of HINKU are much stricter than the ones set in the climate programme.
The climate programme’s operational objectives until 2020 are as follows:
- Land use intensifies, reducing transport needs and energy demand in society.
- The GHG emissions of transport have been reduced by 15% from the 1990 level, by 2020. Public transport, walking and cycling are attractive modes of transport.
- Reduction of GHG emissions arising from energy generation continues.
- Energy use in the city’s own operations has been reduced by at least 9% from the 2005 level, by 2016.
- Improving the energy-efficiency of buildings.
- Climate impact is taken into account in the city’s procurement.
- Sustainable development programmes are created for day-care centres and educational institutions.
- The city’s employees know the effects of their work tasks and choices on climate change.
- City residents know the effects of the actions and choices on climate change.
- The effects of climate change have been identified and a contingency plan has been prepared.
Towards a carbon-neutral city
Lappeenranta joined the HINKU network of Finnish carbon neutral municipalities, in 2014. Municipalities participating in HINKU are committed to the goal of reducing their emissions by 80% from the 2007 level, by 2030.
The municipalities strive to reduce their climate changing emissions by increasing the use of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency. The municipalities also encourage local businesses and residents to take action to aid and protect the climate.
Upon joining the HINKU network, Lappeenranta became its largest participating city in Finland. Through the HINKU network, the city gains information on good practices for mitigating climate change. With the help of the HINKU working group, a roadmap of measures has been created for Lappeenranta, which will aid in achieving the goal of becoming a carbon neutral municipality.
Municipal sector GHG emissions/Lappeenranta’s targets:
The path towards carbon-neutrality:
- Closer cooperation with LUT and enterprises
- Improved competitiveness
- Better business opportunities
- Promoting vitality
- Increasing the use of renewable energy
- Promoting cleantech/the bioeconomy
The actions put into practice correspond to the targets set in the city’s climate programme.
The HINKU criteria
Cities wanting to become members of the HINKU network must take extensive measures to meet the HINKU criteria. The HINKU criteria refers to the climate change mitigation measures and policies through which the municipality commits to reduce the GHG emissions generated by its operations, and to influence other actors in the region (the residents, businesses, agricultural and forest industry entrepreneurs and holiday home owners) in such a way that GHG emissions are reduced in the region, with the goal of becoming carbon-neutral.